Choose one of the opening chapters from the list of novels provided below and write about what the experience of reading it does for a reader.
Your analysis should connect the literary devices in the chapter (style, point of view, imagery, tone, and so on) with the ideas and emotions it conveys to an audience.
Consider how the chapter guides and manipulates a reader’s responses. Think about the chapter as a mental roller coaster ride. If you wanted to explain to someone what the experience of a great roller coaster ride was like, you would have to describe in detail the twists, turns, and loops that happen along the way. Do the same for your chosen chapter.
Base your analysis solely on the opening chapter, even if you have read the rest of the novel. You can certainly discuss any expectations that the chapter sets up for the reader, but you should treat the chapter as an independent, self-contained unit (as it is for every first-time reader of the novel as they read it).
It might help to look at a bland prose summary of your chapter (the kind you can find on SparkNotes or Shmoop) and compare it with the chapter itself. Think about what the summary leaves out, or glosses over, or tries to make clearer than the actual text does. Doing that should help you see how a great author’s specific nuances of language can turn a mere vehicle for transporting ideas into an amusement park ride for its readers’ minds.
Begin your paper with a genuine question about how the chapter works. Make that question the last sentence of your first paragraph. The rest of the essay should answer this question. Present your analysis in a clear and well-organized manner. Each paragraph should deal with a specific element of the chapter, explain how that element works, and present its main point in a clear topic sentence. Draw your conclusions in your final paragraph by briefly summing up the answers to the question posed at the start of your essay.
Read your chosen chapter slowly, carefully, and repeatedly in order to make worthwhile observations on it. The more specific you are, the better your analysis will be. So focus on small things (like an ambiguous word or phrase, a striking image, a peculiar sentence structure, or other small particulars) and offer some interesting and truthful insight into them. Everything you say in your analysis must relate directly to the actual words of the text. Don’t get sidetracked; stick with the words.
Make your prose as clear and concise as possible. Don’t waste your time (or mine) trying to sound impressive. Write, instead, in a conversational voice: the clear, plainspoken, engaging voice of a person talking about a subject they find interesting. Don’t let your essay run longer than what you have to say. One sentence that actually says something is better than a paragraph that doesn’t. Make every word count.
In evaluating your essay, I will focus on the intelligence and specificity of your ideas, the precision of your analysis, the clarity of your prose, and the originality and persuasiveness of your thesis.
Your essay should be between 500–800 words. Use MLA Format for quotations and citations.
Submit your essay through the TurnItIn link on the class Blackboard page labeled “Critical Essay — Spring 18”
- COMMENTS DEADLINE: March 23
If you want my comments on your essay, you must submit it on or before Friday, March 23.
(Please Note: You will NOT be able to revise and then re-submit your paper after seeing my comments.)
- FINAL DEADLINE: April 20
Although I will make few or no comments on essays submitted after Friday, April 20, I will grade these papers just the same as those turned in by the earlier date.
Although you may hear some references during the lectures to two separate essays, there is only ONE required essay for this version of the course. You may write on either this topic or on Essay Topic 1: On a Nineteenth-century Sonnet.
List of Novels
Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley
Jane Eyre (1847) by Charlotte Brontë
Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë
Vanity Fair (1848) by William Makespeace Thackery
David Copperfield (1850) by Charles Dickens
Middlemarch (1872) by George Eliot
The Way We Live Now (1875) by Anthony Trollope
Tess of the d’Urbervilles (1891) by Thomas Hardy
The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) by Oscar Wilde
Howards End (1910) by E. M. Forster
Although I’ve provided the text of these chapters here, I would urge you to consult a good, scholarly edition of the book. You can usually count on a Norton or a Penguin edition to provide good annotations and glosses.
And remember to look up any word in the chapter you don’t know or are unsure of. You can’t begin to understand a text, let alone analyze it, if you don’t know what the words mean.